You may have heard about the many controversies surrounding stem cells. Some consider stem cell research as wonderful while others see it as immoral and do not want it to continue. The development, use and destruction of a human embryo for research purposes is referred to as stem cell research. Stem cells come in two types, embryonic and non-embryonic. Since embryonic cells yield better results and are easier to extract, they are preferred over the non-embryonic cells, but both are used in medical research. Embryonic stem cells are the ones focused on by the controversies most time.
Most people can either be completely opposed to stem cell research, or they may be pro stem cell research in all its forms, according to research. Many projects for using stem cell therapies are being worked on by scientists. There are great benefits of stem cell research and therapy which have been outlined in this article. Stem cell research has led to the development of new treatments for common diseases; this is one benefit. Stem cell research is being used by scientists to try and come up with the treatment of complicated disorders. Among the devastating disorders are Parkinson’s disease, spinal cord injuries, diabetes and schizophrenia.
Some of the tested therapies are already in use on real patients whereby they are required to visit a stem cell therapy center close to them to receive the treatment in an outpatient setting. Growing new organs in a laboratory is another area where stem cell research is being utilised. Some patients may have diseases requiring an organ transplant. Organ donations may take long hence some patients may die while still on the waiting list for an organ. New organs and tissues can be made in a laboratory using stem cell research by growing them on organ moulds and transplanting the new organ or tissue to the body of the patient requiring the organ.
Stem cell research helps in reducing the disorders affecting embryonic cells; this is another amazing benefit. While the baby is still an embryo in the womb; it will risk a baby developing some disorders. Pregnancy loss and congenital disabilities are some of the likely problems due to the disorders. The frequency of embryonic disorders will be reduced through stem cell research as scientists are trying to understand these disorders and find a cure for them.
Prevention of new cell rejection will be possible through stem cell research. A patient faces possible death or inability to continue using a new organ when their body rejects the foreign organ that has been transplanted. Doctors can use the non-embryonic stem cells to grow a new organ to replace the damaged one since the synthetic organ will have originated from the cells of the patient. Understanding of the development of cells and how abnormalities occur is possible through stem cell research.